Seeing The Beautiful of Dieng Mountains

By Big Smile Sabtu, 16 Maret 2013 1 comment

Dieng Mountains
Dieng is a plateau region in Central Java, who entered the district of Banjarnegara and Wonosobo. It is located to the west of the complex and the Mount Sindoro Sumbing.

Dieng is an active volcanic region is said to be a giant volcanic crater with a few craters. The average altitude is about 2,000 m above sea level. Temperature ranges from 15-20 ° C during the day and 10 ° C at night. In the dry season (July and August), temperatures can reach 0 ° C in the morning and bring frost by locals called bun upas ("dew poison") for causing damage to agricultural crops.

Administratively, Dieng Dieng is Kulon Village area, Batur subdistrict, district Banjarnegara and Dieng ("Dieng Wetan"), District Kejajar, Wonosobo district. This area is one of the most remote regions in Central Java.

origin

Dieng name comes from the combination of two words Kawi language: "in", which means "place" or "mountain" and "Hyang" which means (God). Thus, Dieng means mountainous region where the gods and goddesses residing. Another theory states, Dieng name comes from Sundanese language ("in hyang") as estimated in the pre-Medang (around the 7th century AD) the area under the influence of the Kingdom Galuh politics.
 
geology

Dieng plateau (DTD) is plain with volcanic activity beneath the surface, like Yellowstone or the Tengger Highlands. Indeed it is a caldera mountains surrounding the edges. There are many craters as the release of gases, water vapor and various other volcanic material. This situation is very dangerous for the people who inhabit the region, as evidenced by the presence of gas eruption crater Sinila 1979. Not only poisonous gas, but it can also be possible earthquakes, mud eruptions, landslides and floods.
In addition to the crater, there are volcanic lakes that contain water mixed with sulfur that has distinctive yellow-green color.
In biology, volcanic activity at Dieng interesting as found in hot waters near the crater of some species of thermophilic bacteria ("like it hot") which can be used to uncover the early life on Earth.

Craters
Dieng is an active crater in the crater of volcanic activity beneath the plateau. Monitoring activities conducted by PVMBG through Observation Post Dieng in District Karangtengah. Here are the active craters are monitored:

    
Candradimuka
    
Sibanteng
    
Siglagah
    
Sikendang, potentially toxic gases
    
Sikidang
    
Sileri
    
Sinila, potentially toxic gases
    
Weigh, potentially toxic gases


Crater Sibanteng
Sibanteng located in the village of Dieng Kulon. This phreatic crater erupted in January 2009 (15/1), leading to the tourist area of ​​Dieng to be closed several days to anticipate disasters gas poisoning. The eruption of the mud came up to 2km, Perhutani forest destruction around him, and caused landslides Kali stem White River Serayu.Kawah Sibanteng child had also erupted in July 2003.


Crater Sikidang
Sikidang crater in the DTD is the most popular visited by tourists because it is most easily achieved. The crater is famous for gas discharge holes are always moving in a wide area. From this character derives its name because locals see it move like deer (deer in Javanese).


Crater Sileri
Sileri is the crater of the most active and has erupted several times (based on the record: in 1944, 1964, 1984, July 2003 and September 2009). In the last phreatic activity (26 September 2009) appear three new craters gap is accompanied by the emission of material as high as 200 meters.


Crater Sinila
Sinila located in the village of Dieng Wetan. Sinila crater had erupted in the morning in 1979, [5] February 20, 1979 to be exact. The earthquake caused made people running out of the house, but they were trapped toxic gases coming out of the crater eruption triggered Sinila Weigh result. A number of residents (149 people) and cattle died of gas poisoning carbon dioxide is released and spread to residential areas.


Crater Weigh
Weigh is a crater located near Sinila and moderate activity. Although less active, the crater is a highly concentrated source of CO2 gas which took hundreds of victims in 1979. The crater was last recorded increased activity in May 2011 with a belch of white smoke as high as 20 feet, removing CO2 concentrations exceed the safe threshold (1,000 ppm, the normal concentration in the air close to 400 ppm) and raises volcanic earthquakes. On May 31, 2011 morning, the crater was re-releasing CO2 gas up to 1% v / v (100,000 ppm) accompanied by tremors. As a result, all activities are prohibited within a radius of 1 km and Simbar Hamlet and Hamlet Attack evacuated

The tops

    
Prahu mountain (2565 m)
    
Pakuwaja mountain (2395 m)
    
Sikunir mountain (2263 m), tourist attractions, close Sembungan


Volcanic lake

    
Colour Lake, a tourist attraction with a nearby persemadian
    
Tadpole pond, near the tourist village Sembungan
    
Telaga Merdada
    
Telaga Pengilon
    
Telaga dringo
    
Nila Telaga

Sightseeing

Some of the cultural and natural heritage has been used as a tourist attraction and is managed jointly by the two districts, namely Banjarnegara and Wonosobo. Here are some of the attractions in Dieng.

 
Ponds: Colour Lake, a lake that often elicits shades of red, green, blue, white, and mauve, Telaga Pengilon, just adjacent to the lake colors, unique color of the water in the lake is not clear like sulfur mixed. Another uniqueness is the limit Telaga Telaga Pengilon color with just the grass that forms such a small swamp. Merdada lake, is the largest in the existing teelaga Dieng Plateau. The water never receded used as irrigation for farms. Even the lake is also used by anglers for a hobby or a traveler as well just drive around in small boats are rented out by locals.

Crater: Sikidang, Sileri, Sinila (explode and release toxic gases in 1979 with 149 victims of the soul), Crater Candradimuka. Complex of Hindu temples built in the 7th century, among others: Ghatotkacha Temple, Temple Bhima, Arjuna temple, temple Semar, Temple Sembadra, Heroine Temple, Temple Setyaki, Gangsiran Ashwatthama, and Temple Dwarawati.

Cave: Semar Cave, Jaran Cave, Cave wells. Located between Colour Lake and Ponds Pengilon, often used as a place of spiritual though.
  
Jalatunda wells.
 
Dieng Volcanic Theater, a theater to see a movie about the volcano in Dieng.
 
 
Kailasa Dieng Museum, storing artifacts and provide information about the nature (geology, flora and fauna), the Dieng (daily, agriculture, religion, arts) and the archaeological legacy of Dieng. It has a theater to see a movie (currently about archeology Dieng), an open platform on the roof of the museum, as well as restaurants.
 
 
Serayu river springs, often referred to with Tuk Bima Lukar (Tuk = spring). Agriculture

Dieng is the producer of highland vegetables to Central Java. Potatoes are the main commodity. In addition, carrots, cabbage, onions and a variety of onion produced from this region. In addition to vegetables, Dieng is also a production centers mountain papaya (carica) and fungi.
However, due to rapid agricultural activities in the forest area peaks running out of land converted to vegetable crops.

Geothermal field

Dieng is still geologically active and has many hydrothermal energy sources. There are three major hydrothermal field, namely Pakuwaja, Sileri, and Sikidang. In all three there fumarola (crater steam) is active, mud pools and steam field. The hot springs are found, for example, in Bitingan, Siglagah, Pulosari, and Jojogan, with average temperatures ranging from 25 ° C (Jojogan) to
58 ° C (Siglagah) [9]. Sikidang region has begun to be used as a source of hydrothermal energy.
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